Standards for private organizations

2020 Edition

Wilderness and Adventure-Based Therapeutic Outdoor Services (WT) 9: Educational Services

The organization provides or arranges for residents to receive education services and supports to help them achieve their educational goals.


The organization must meet the educational needs of service recipients to the extent possible given the service setting. Organizations that do not offer educational services on-site should coordinate with community-based providers to meet the educational needs of all participants. When organizations do not directly provide or arrange education services, individual case records should indicate that education plans are integrated into treatment plans and document advocacy for areas of unmet educational need.
2020 Edition




Youth who participate in Wilderness and Adventure-based Therapeutic Outdoor Services expand individual capabilities, develop self-confidence and insight, ameliorate symptoms, and improve interpersonal skills and relationships.
All elements or requirements outlined in the standard are evident in practice, as indicated by full implementation of the practices outlined in the Practice Standards.
Practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • Minor inconsistencies and not yet fully developed practices are noted; however, these do not significantly impact service quality; or
  • Procedures need strengthening; or
  • With few exceptions, procedures are understood by staff and are being used; or
  • For the most part, established timeframes are met; or
  • Proper documentation is the norm and any issues with individual staff members are being addressed through performance evaluations and training; or
  • Active client participation occurs to a considerable extent.
Practice requires significant improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards. Service quality or program functioning may be compromised; e.g.,
  • Procedures and/or case record documentation need significant strengthening; or
  • Procedures are not well-understood or used appropriately; or
  • Timeframes are often missed; or
  • Several client records are missing important information; or
  • Client participation is inconsistent. 
Implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • No written procedures, or procedures are clearly inadequate or not being used; or 
  • Documentation is routinely incomplete and/or missing.      
Self-Study EvidenceOn-Site EvidenceOn-Site Activities
  • Procedures for developing and/or integrating education plans
  • Procedures for coordinating education services, if applicable
  • Proof of certification, accreditation, or registration, as applicable
  • Interviews may include:
    1. Program director
    2. Relevant personnel
    3. Youth or families served
    4. Local school district representative
  • Review case records


WT 9.01

Youth are enrolled in an appropriate education program on-site or in the community that is approved, certified, accredited, registered, or operated by or in conjunction with the local school district.


WT 9.02

A comprehensive, coordinated education plan is developed for each youth that is integrated into the service plan.


If the organization does not participate in the development of the education plan, it is responsible for integrating each individual’s education plan into their service plan.


WT 9.03

The educational program incorporates effective instructional practices, quality curriculum design, and educational tools and supports for diverse learning needs of youth.
Examples: Diverse learning needs can include youth who require support due to a learning disability, are learning English as an additional language, or are intellectually gifted.


WT 9.04

The organization provides or arranges, as needed:
  1. tutoring;
  2. preparation for a high school equivalency exam;
  3. college preparation;
  4. parent-teacher meetings; and
  5. advocacy and support.