Standards for private organizations

2020 Edition

Services for Unaccompanied Children (UC) 7: Services for Pregnant and Parenting Youth

The organization utilizes a family-centered service model to: 
  1. empower pregnant and parenting youth; and
  2. support and promote the well-being of their children and other family members.


“Parenting youth” refers to youth that are accompanied by children in their care.
NA The organization does not serve pregnant and/or parenting youth.
NA The organization provides post-release services only.
2020 Edition




Unaccompanied Children Services support youth safety and well-being, facilitate family involvement and provide necessary supports to children seeking physical and emotional safety and legal protection.
All elements or requirements outlined in the standard are evident in practice, as indicated by full implementation of the practices outlined in the Practice Standards.
Practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • Minor inconsistencies and not yet fully developed practices are noted; however, these do not significantly impact service quality; or
  • Procedures need strengthening; or
  • With few exceptions, procedures are understood by staff and are being used; or
  • For the most part, established timeframes are met; or
  • Proper documentation is the norm and any issues with individual staff members are being addressed through performance evaluations and training; or
  • Active client participation occurs to a considerable extent.
Practice requires significant improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards. Service quality or program functioning may be compromised; e.g.,
  • Procedures and/or case record documentation need significant strengthening; or
  • Procedures are not well-understood or used appropriately; or
  • Timeframes are often missed; or
  • Several client records are missing important information; or
  • Client participation is inconsistent. 
Implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • No written procedures, or procedures are clearly inadequate or not being used; or 
  • Documentation is routinely incomplete and/or missing.      
Self-Study EvidenceOn-Site EvidenceOn-Site Activities
  • Procedures for providing or arranging services for children and parents
  • Procedures for evaluating educational needs and collaborating with schools
  • Policy prohibiting corporal punishment
  • Parenting education curricula table of contents
  • Informational materials provided to parents
  • Parenting education curricula


  • Interviews may include:
    1. Program director
    2. Relevant personnel
    3. Pregnant and/or parenting youth served
  • Review case records

UC 7.01

The organization supports youth’s efforts to care for and nurture their children, and provides or arranges for children to receive services that address, as appropriate: 
  1. health and medical needs;
  2. mental health needs;
  3. trauma history; 
  4. educational needs; 
  5. social and recreational needs;
  6. developmental needs including any developmental delays; 
  7. attachment to parents and extended family; and
  8. behavioral issues.


Children accompanying their parents may be in need of therapeutic, health, developmental, and other services to address specific delays and conditions. Simply allowing the children to stay with their mothers is not adequate to meet the needs of the family.
NA The organization does not allow youth to bring their children to the program.
Example: Examples of appropriate programming services can include play groups, recreational activities, educational activities, counseling, and therapeutic services.

UC 7.02

Organizations evaluate the educational status and needs of school-age children and: 
  1. inform youth of their children’s educational rights;
  2. help youth coordinate educational services; and
  3. assist children to stay current with the curricula.
NA The organization does not allow youth to bring their children to the program.

UC 7.03

The organization provides or arranges child care, as appropriate.
NA The organization does not allow youth to bring their children to the program.

Fundamental Practice

UC 7.04

To promote positive parenting practices, the organization: 
  1. has a policy that prohibits corporal punishment of children by either the parent or provider; 
  2. promotes, encourages, and educates both parents and providers about alternatives to corporal punishment; and
  3. provides or refers parents to parent education classes or workshops.
NA The organization does not allow youth to bring their children to the program.

UC 7.05

Pregnant youth are provided or linked with specialized services that include, as appropriate: 
  1. pregnancy counseling;
  2. prenatal health care;
  3. genetic risk identification and counseling services;
  4. fetal alcohol syndrome screening;
  5. labor and delivery services;
  6. postpartum care;
  7. mental health care;
  8. pediatric health care, including well-baby visits and immunizations; 
  9. peer counseling services; and
  10. children’s health insurance programs.


Regarding element (g), expectant mothers should be screened for depression, informed about postpartum depression, and connected to available support and treatment services.
NA The organization does not serve pregnant youth.

UC 7.06

Pregnant youth are educated about the following prenatal health topics: 
  1. fetal growth and development;
  2. the importance of prenatal care;
  3. nutrition and proper weight gain;
  4. appropriate exercise;
  5. medication use during pregnancy;
  6. effects of tobacco and substance use on fetal development;
  7. what to expect during labor and delivery; and
  8. benefits of breastfeeding.


These topics may be addressed by qualified medical personnel in the context of prenatal health care.
NA The organization does not serve pregnant youth.

UC 7.07

Pregnant and parenting youth are helped to develop skills and knowledge related to: 
  1. basic caregiving routines;
  2. child growth and development;
  3. meeting children’s social, emotional, and physical health needs;
  4. environmental safety and injury prevention;
  5. parent-child interactions and bonding;
  6. age-appropriate behavioral expectations and appropriate discipline; 
  7. family planning; and
  8. developing supportive relationships with family members or caring adults and establishing functioning support network.


Organizations should tailor how topics are addressed based on service recipients’ needs. For example, when serving expectant parents or parents of young children, education on environmental safety and injury prevention should address topics, such as safe practices for sleeping and bathing.
NA The organization does not serve pregnant and/or parenting youth.