Standards for public agencies

2020 Edition

Youth Independent Living Services (PA-YIL) 8: Transition from the Service System

Youth participate in planning for transition to the community and are prepared for adulthood with positive experiences and skills to move successfully to living and managing on their own.
2020 Edition




Young adults who receive Youth Independent Living Services obtain safe and stable housing, develop life skills and competencies including work readiness, achieve educational and financial growth goals, and establish healthy, supportive adult and peer relationships.
Full Implementation, Outstanding Performance
A rating of (1) indicates that the agency's practices fully meet the standard and reflect a high level of capacity.  
  • All elements or requirements outlined in the standard are evident in practice, with rare or no exceptions: exceptions do not impact service quality or agency performance. 
Substantial Implementation, Good Performance
A rating of (2) indicates that an agency's infrastructure and practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement.
  • The majority of the standards requirements have been met and the basic framework required by the standard has been implemented. 
  • Minor inconsistencies and not yet fully developed practices are noted; however, these do not significantly impact service quality or agency performance.

Partial Implementation, Concerning Performance
A rating of (3) indicates that the agency's observed infrastructure and/or practices require significant improvement.  

  • The agency has not implemented the basic framework of the standard but instead has in place only part of this framework.  
  • Omissions or exceptions to the practices outlined in the standard occur regularly, or practices are implemented in a cursory or haphazard manner.  
  • Service quality or agency functioning may be compromised.  
  • Capacity is at a basic level.
Unsatisfactory Implementation or Performance
A rating of (4) indicates that implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all.  
  • The agency’s observed service delivery infrastructure and practices are weak or non-existent; or show signs of neglect, stagnation, or deterioration.
Self-Study EvidenceOn-Site EvidenceOn-Site Activities
  • Transition planning procedures
  • Information provided to youth
  • Interviews may include:
    1. Program director
    2. Relevant personnel
    3. Youth
  • Review case records

PA-YIL 8.01

The agency prepares youth for a successful transition by providing youth and collaborating providers:
  1. transfer or termination of custody information, as applicable;
  2. information about rights and services to which the person may have access as a result of a disability;
  3. information needed to access specialized services and navigate adult-serving systems;
  4. information on availability of affordable community-based healthcare and counseling;
  5. court and welfare systems information;
  6. child care services information; and
  7. support through community volunteers or individuals who have made a successful transition, as appropriate.


The agency provides client information in accordance with applicable legal requirements for obtaining consent to provide client information. Under the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA), 20 U.S.C. § 1401 (30), the IEP team (school personnel and child’s parents) for a child 14 and older can determine what transition services are needed to prepare for the future and adulthood. Services can exceed education and training to include independent living, community participation and integrated services.

PA-YIL 8.02

During the transition process, and prior to case closing, the agency explores the full range of living situations, from supported living to fully independent living environments, with youth and engages them in an evaluation of the risks and benefits of various housing options.


Personnel providing housing support services to LGBTQ youth should consider the sexual orientation, gender identification, and personal preferences of youth when matching them with available housing options. LGBTQ youth are disproportionately subjected to sexual and physical violence which may make certain living accommodations, such as open bathing facilities or single-sex communal facilities, less desirable for this demographic.

PA-YIL 8.03

The agency ensures that an adequate living arrangement is in place for every person transitioning to independence and provides: 
  1. supervised household management practice, when possible; 
  2. tenancy and landlord supports, as appropriate; and
  3. support when needed to address potential landlord-tenant issues impacting youth residents.

PA-YIL 8.04

For every person transitioning to independence, the agency ensures that basic resources are in place, including:
  1. a source of income;
  2. affordable health care;
  3. access to at least one committed, caring adult; and
  4. access to positive peer support.

PA-YIL 8.05

The agency provides youth transitioning to independence with six months minimum advance notice of the cessation of any health, financial, educational or other benefits that will occur at transition or case closing.

PA-YIL 8.06

The agency assists youth in obtaining or compiling documents necessary to function as an independent adult, including:
  1. an identification card;
  2. a social security or social insurance number;
  3. a resume, when work experience can be described;
  4. a driver’s license, when the ability to drive is a goal;
  5. medical records and documentation, including a Medicaid card or other health eligibility documentation;
  6. an original copy of the youth’s birth certificate;
  7. religious documents and information, when appropriate;
  8. documentation of immigration, citizenship, or naturalization, when applicable;
  9. death certificates when parents are deceased;
  10. a life book or a compilation of personal history and photographs, as appropriate;
  11. a list of known relatives, with relationships, addresses, telephone numbers, and permissions for contacting involved parties;
  12. previous placement information; and
  13. educational records, such as high school diploma or general equivalency diploma, and a list of schools attended, when age-appropriate.