Standards for public agencies

2020 Edition

Pregnancy Support Services (PA-PS) 8: Promoting Positive Life Course Development

Expectant parents are linked to formal and informal supports and services that can increase self-sufficiency and life options.
NA The agency provides only Pregnancy Options Counseling or Birth Options Counseling.
2020 Edition




Individuals who participate in Pregnancy Support Services learn about parenthood, make informed decisions about their pregnancies, stay healthy, and pursue their educational and vocational goals.
Full Implementation, Outstanding Performance
A rating of (1) indicates that the agency's practices fully meet the standard and reflect a high level of capacity.  
  • All elements or requirements outlined in the standard are evident in practice, with rare or no exceptions: exceptions do not impact service quality or agency performance. 
Substantial Implementation, Good Performance
A rating of (2) indicates that an agency's infrastructure and practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement.
  • The majority of the standards requirements have been met and the basic framework required by the standard has been implemented. 
  • Minor inconsistencies and not yet fully developed practices are noted; however, these do not significantly impact service quality or agency performance.

Partial Implementation, Concerning Performance
A rating of (3) indicates that the agency's observed infrastructure and/or practices require significant improvement.  

  • The agency has not implemented the basic framework of the standard but instead has in place only part of this framework.  
  • Omissions or exceptions to the practices outlined in the standard occur regularly, or practices are implemented in a cursory or haphazard manner.  
  • Service quality or agency functioning may be compromised.  
  • Capacity is at a basic level.
Unsatisfactory Implementation or Performance
A rating of (4) indicates that implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all.  
  • The agency’s observed service delivery infrastructure and practices are weak or non-existent; or show signs of neglect, stagnation, or deterioration.
Self-Study EvidenceOn-Site EvidenceOn-Site Activities
  • Procedures for referring individuals to services
  • Community resource and referral list
  • Interviews may include:
    1. Program director
    2. Relevant personnel
    3. Persons served
  • Review case records


PA-PS 8.01

To promote life options and economic self-sufficiency, expectant parents are helped to locate and enroll in educational or vocational programs that are appropriate to their needs, interests, and abilities.


PA-PS 8.02

When current living arrangements are not suitable, expectant parents are helped to find new living arrangements for both during and after the pregnancy.
Examples: Appropriate arrangements can include living: 
  1. independently;
  2. with family members, including the extended family; 
  3. in foster homes;
  4. in group homes; or 
  5. in residential care.


PA-PS 8.03

Expectant parents are helped to access other community services needed to support positive life course development, including, as appropriate:
  1. child care;
  2. transportation services;
  3. financial assistance;
  4. legal services; and
  5. domestic violence, sexual abuse, or sexual assault services.


PA-PS 8.04

Expectant parents receive social and emotional support directly from personnel and are helped to develop and expand their informal support networks by:
  1. maintaining and strengthening their relationships with family members and the birth father, as appropriate; and
  2. building connections with friends, neighbors, community members, and community institutions.


PA-PS 8.05

After delivery, parents without an alternative are helped to place their children in temporary foster care if they need time to establish homes or consider other plans for their children and themselves.
NA The agency does not assist parents in placing their children in temporary foster care.