Standards for public agencies

2020 Edition

Early Childhood Education (PA-ECE) 12: Oversight of Family Child Care Homes

The agency provides oversight and support to family child care homes to ensure care is being provided in a safe environment that promotes healthy child development.
NA The agency does not utilize family child care homes to expand its capacity to provide care.
2020 Edition

Currently viewing: EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION (PA-ECE)

VIEW THE STANDARDS

Purpose

Early Childhood Education facilitates appropriate child development and ensures the health and safety of children in care.
Note: This standard is intended only to review the oversight and support provided to family child care homes by a child care facility that utilizes family child care homes to expand its capacity to provide care. Completion of these standards by a child care center will not result in accreditation of the individual homes and cannot speak to the quality of the care being provided within them.
1
Full Implementation, Outstanding Performance
A rating of (1) indicates that the agency's practices fully meet the standard and reflect a high level of capacity.  
  • All elements or requirements outlined in the standard are evident in practice, with rare or no exceptions: exceptions do not impact service quality or agency performance. 
2
Substantial Implementation, Good Performance
A rating of (2) indicates that an agency's infrastructure and practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement.
  • The majority of the standards requirements have been met and the basic framework required by the standard has been implemented. 
  • Minor inconsistencies and not yet fully developed practices are noted; however, these do not significantly impact service quality or agency performance.
3

Partial Implementation, Concerning Performance
A rating of (3) indicates that the agency's observed infrastructure and/or practices require significant improvement.  

  • The agency has not implemented the basic framework of the standard but instead has in place only part of this framework.  
  • Omissions or exceptions to the practices outlined in the standard occur regularly, or practices are implemented in a cursory or haphazard manner.  
  • Service quality or agency functioning may be compromised.  
  • Capacity is at a basic level.
4
Unsatisfactory Implementation or Performance
A rating of (4) indicates that implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all.  
  • The agency’s observed service delivery infrastructure and practices are weak or non-existent; or show signs of neglect, stagnation, or deterioration.
Self-Study EvidenceOn-Site EvidenceOn-Site Activities
  • Family child care recruitment procedures
  • Screening criteria for family child care homes
  • Matching procedures for family child care homes
  • Job description for family child care coordinator role
  • Documentation of monthly home visits for the previous six months
  • Curricula of any training offered to family child care personnel
  • Documentation of licensure for family child care homes
  • Documentation of caregiver credentials and completed training hours for family child care providers
  • List of current family child care homes with ratios noted (e.g. Family Child Care Homes Reporting Tool)
  • Interviews may include:
    1. Program director
    2. Relevant personnel
  • Review personnel record for Family Child Care Coordinator

 

PA-ECE 12.01

Family child care coordinators are qualified by:
  1. a CDA, CCP, or equivalent credential;
  2. an associate’s degree in early childhood education or child development; or
  3. a bachelor’s degree in a related field with two years of post-graduate experience in early childhood education.
Examples: Related fields include elementary education, special education, psychology, family consumer sciences, home economics, social work, and social services.

 

PA-ECE 12.02

Family child care coordinators:
  1. recruit and assess family child care homes prior to their use;
  2. provide support and supervision through a monthly home visit;
  3. offer training and professional development opportunities; and
  4. monitor the quality of care being provided.

 

PA-ECE 12.03

The agency utilizes family child care homes staffed by individuals with:
  1. a GED or high school diploma;
  2. at least 45 hours of family child care-related training within the last three years; and
  3. access to ongoing training and education.

 
Fundamental Practice

PA-ECE 12.04

Prior to use, all family child care homes are screened to ensure they are fully licensed or approved, according to applicable regulatory requirements.

 

PA-ECE 12.05

The needs of the child and family are matched with a care provider to ensure suitable, family-based care.

 
Fundamental Practice

PA-ECE 12.06

The agency is aware of available spaces at each child care home and only refers families when it is determined that the resulting teacher-child ratios:
  1. will not exceed COA’s Recommended Teacher-Child Ratios and Group Sizes;
  2. take into consideration changes in supervision needs based on activities being conducted; and
  3. take into consideration the needs of the children in the group.
Examples: Lower ratios may be warranted based on the special physical, social, or developmental needs of children within the group, the risks associated with a particular activity, and the qualifications and competencies of the teachers to ensure that children’s needs are being met.