Examples: Depending on a child's age and developmental level, appropriate education services and supports may include: early childhood education programs; early intervention services; accredited primary and secondary schools; and after-school or youth development programs.
Children are connected to services that address any identified needs they may have for:
medical and dental care;
mental health care;
substance use treatment; and
specialized services and supports for children with special needs.
Children are connected to supports and services needed to help them:
regulate their emotions and behavior;
form positive relationships with adults and peers; and
explore and develop their personal, social, and cultural identities.
Examples: Supports and services can include, but are not limited to:
counseling or group therapy;
formal opportunities for social skills development;
educational and support services for LGBTQI youth;
services and activities that support children born outside of the U.S. to make a positive personal and social adjustment, increase cross-cultural skills, maintain their ethnic identity, and move forward with long-term acculturation; and
normative activities, such as clubs and sports or arts activities.
Children are treated in a trauma-informed manner and when needed are connected to trauma-informed services that are designed to:
maximize their sense of safety;
help them understand and process their traumatic experiences;
facilitate the development of skills and strategies to use when confronted with reminders of trauma;
help create and sustain positive attachments with caring adults and peers; and
help parents understand how children’s past experiences may impact their present behavior, and appropriately support children’s recovery.
Examples: Parents may be better able to support children who have experienced trauma if they understand the concept of trauma; recognize that children’s social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties may be the result of trauma; and are prepared to manage difficult behaviors and trauma reminders.