Standards for private organizations

2021 Edition

Juvenile Justice Residential Services Definition


Juvenile Justice Residential Services promote public safety by providing youth with a supportive, structured setting that helps them address their needs and develop the attitudes and skills needed to make responsible choices, avoid negative behaviors, and become productive, connected, and law-abiding citizens.


Juvenile Justice Residential Services provide long-term placement and treatment services to youth who have been adjudicated delinquent. Rather than focusing on the short-term public safety that may be achieved simply by removing youth from society, JJR promotes long-term public safety by encouraging provision of services and supports that can help youth avoid reoffending behavior and become productive members of society. 

Juvenile Justice Detention Services provide short-term placement and minimal services to youth who are awaiting adjudication, disposition, or long-term placement.

JJR can be used to review both secure and non-secure programs (e.g., from programs that lock youth in their rooms, to programs that are perimeter-secure, to programs that are less restrictive).


Viewing: JJR - Juvenile Justice Residential Services


Note: The organization's services will be reviewed and matched with the most appropriate Service Standard, regardless of the population served. When an organization operates a program where the service population includes but is not limited to youth involved with the juvenile justice system, it may be more appropriate to complete another Service Standard, such as Group Living Services (GLS) or Residential Treatment Services (RTX).

Organizations providing only detention services will complete the relevant practice standards within the section and have the option to take NAs where noted. Length of stay in detention can vary considerably, for example, from less than 24 hours to more than 90 days. Accordingly, organizations should strive to limit the amount of time youth are detained without services, as referenced in JJR 3.05.

Note: Please see JJR Reference List for the research that informed the development of these standards.

Note: For information about changes made in the 2020 Edition, please see the JJR Crosswalk.