Standards for private organizations

2021 Edition

Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Services Definition

Purpose

Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Services support children, youth, and adults to achieve full integration and inclusion in the mainstream, make choices, exert control over their lives, and fully participate in, and contribute to, their communities.

Definition

COA’s Standards for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Services (IDDS) apply to programs and services whose focus is working with the IDDS population, or when individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities are a significant proportion of the service population.

Interpretation

Throughout this document the term "individual" is defined to include children, youth, and adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. In instances where the individual cannot make his or her own decisions, sign documents, or is otherwise limited in his or her ability to provide informed consent, the term "individual" may be understood to also include an advocate or legal guardian, as in "...the individual, his/her advocate, or legal guardian..."

"Team" is defined to include the individual’s family, friends and other natural supports, circle of support, support/service broker, service coordinator, or others chosen by the individual. It is essential that members of the person’s team are, to the extent possible, chosen by, and are the preference of the individual.

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Note: Please see the IDDS Reference List for the research that informed the development of these standards.

Note: For information about changes made in the 2020 Edition, please see the IDDS Crosswalk.