Standards for child and youth development programs

2020 Edition

Supplement for OST Programming: Homework Help and Tutoring (CYD-OST-HWT) 1: Programming and Activities: Homework Help and/or Tutoring

Children and youth receive support that enables them to complete their homework and succeed in school.
2020 Edition




Children and youth who participate in Homework Help or Tutoring are able to complete their homework and succeed in school. 
Related Standards:
Note: Programs that provide only homework help will complete CYD-OST 1.01 through 1.03.  Programs that provide only tutoring will complete CYD-OST 13.03 and 13.04.
The program’s practices fully meet the standard, as indicated by full implementation of the practices outlined in the Practice Standards.
Practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards.
Practice requires significant improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards.
Implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards.
Self-Study EvidenceOn-Site EvidenceOn-Site Activities
  • A description of:
    1. activities;
    2. role of personnel;
    3. system for facilitating communication among teachers, parents, and program personnel, if applicable (CYD-OST-HWT 1.01)
  • Daily schedules for past month
  • Documentation of collaboration among teachers, parents, and program personnel, if applicable
  • Attendance records (showing totals for each day and weekly averages)
  • Logic model (or equivalent framework)
  • Qualifications of personnel (or others) providing activities (e.g., in personnel records)
  • Interview:
    1. Program Administrator
    2. Site Director
    3. Program Personnel
    4. Children, youth, and families
  • Observe program activities
  • Review files of children and youth


Personnel collaborate with school day staff to develop a system for facilitating communication among teachers, parents, and program personnel regarding:
  1. homework assignments given;
  2. materials needed to complete assignments;
  3. the amount of time expected to be spent on homework; and
  4. the ongoing progress and needs of children and youth.


Many programs and schools have children and youth maintain Homework Planners to record their daily assignments.  These planners can also be used as tools to help children and youth prioritize their assignments, manage their time, and assess their progress, as addressed in CYD-OST-HWT 1.03.
COA recognizes that it may be challenging for programs to establish systems for communicating with school-day staff regarding homework, especially when programs serve students who attend different schools.  However, programs are expected to demonstrate that they have at least made an effort to develop systems for facilitating communication with school staff.
NA The program does not offer homework help.
Note:  See CYD-OST 7 for more expectations regarding collaboration and partnerships.


Personnel play an active role during homework time by:
  1. checking in with children and youth to make sure they understand their assignments;
  2. modeling a positive attitude towards homework;
  3. encouraging children and youth to do their best;
  4. assisting children and youth who need help; and
  5. monitoring homework quality and completion.


 When extensive one-on-one assistance is necessary a child may be in need of tutoring, as addressed in CYD-OST-HWT 1.04.
NA The program does not offer homework help.
Note: Please note that the more general expectations included in CYD-OST can also help to promote success in this area.  For example, programs should also: (1) establish a consistent schedule for homework time, as referenced in CYD-OST 4.02; (2) provide needed supplies, as referenced in CYD-OST 9.04; (3) create an optimal space for completing homework, as referenced in CYD-OST 9.01 (i.e. a space that is dedicated to homework completion and includes areas for both quiet study and group collaboration); and (4) consider how group sizes and ratios, as addressed in CYD-OST 13.01 and 13.02, may impact the homework environment.


Children and youth are helped to develop organizational and study skills that support school success, including skills related to:
  1. organizing materials;
  2. managing time, including setting goals and making plans for accomplishing work;
  3. accessing needed information and resources;
  4. reviewing materials and taking notes, including skimming, active reading, and summarizing; 
  5. preparing for and taking tests; and
  6. evaluating their own work and progress.


Homework can provide an opportunity to learn and practice the organizational and study skills referenced in the standard.


Children and youth in need of extra help are connected with tutors who provide special assistance and instruction in specific subject areas.


Tutors may be paid or volunteer, but should be knowledgeable about and trained in both the subject area in question and strategies for helping students. Programs may identify children in need of extra help through collaboration with school day staff, or through their own observations and monitoring.
NA The program does not offer tutoring.