Standards for child and youth development programs

2020 Edition

Early Childhood Education (CYD-ECE) 13: Oversight of Family Child Care Homes

The program provides oversight and support to family child care homes to ensure care is being provided in a safe environment that promotes healthy child development.

NA The program does not utilize family child care homes to expand its capacity to provide care.

2020 Edition




Early Childhood Education facilitates appropriate child development and ensures the health and safety of children in care.
The program’s practices fully meet the standard, as indicated by full implementation of the practices outlined in the Practice Standards.
Practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards.
Practice requires significant improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards.
Implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards.
Self-Study EvidenceOn-Site EvidenceOn-Site Activities
  • Provide a description of supports offered to family child care homes
  • Screening criteria for family child care homes
  • Matching procedures for family child care homes (CYD-ECE 13.05, 13.06)
  • Documentation of licensure for family child care homes
  • Documentation of caregiver credentials for family child care providers
  • Curricula of any training offered to family child care personnel
  • Group sizes and ratios for family childcare homes
  • Interview:
    1. Program director
    2. Family Child Care Coordinator
  • Review personnel record for Family Child Care Coordinator

CYD-ECE 13.01

Family child care coordinators are qualified by:

  1. a CDA, CCP, or equivalent credential;
  2. an associate’s degree in early childhood education or child development; or
  3. a bachelor’s degree in a related field with two years of post-graduate experience in early childhood education.
Related Standards:


Related fields include early childhood education, child development, elementary education, early childhood special education, psychology, family consumer sciences, home economics, social work, and social services.

CYD-ECE 13.02

Family child care coordinators:

  1. recruit and assess family child care homes prior to their use;
  2. provide support and supervision through a monthly home visit;
  3. offer training and professional development opportunities; and
  4. monitor the quality of care being provided.
Related Standards:

CYD-ECE 13.03

The program utilizes family child care homes staffed by individuals with:

  1. a GED or high school diploma;
  2. at least 45 hours of family child care-related training within the last three years; and
  3. access to ongoing training and education.
Related Standards:


The program may choose to provide ongoing training or assistance in obtaining continuing education.

Fundamental Practice

CYD-ECE 13.04

Prior to use, all family child care homes are screened to ensure they are fully licensed or approved, according to applicable regulatory requirements.

CYD-ECE 13.05

The needs of the child and family are matched with a care provider to ensure suitable, family-based care.

CYD-ECE 13.06

The program is aware of available spaces at each child care home and only refers families when it is determined that the resulting teacher-child ratios and group sizes:

  1. allow teachers to provide supervision that ensures child health and safety;
  2. allow teachers to establish and maintain relationships with each child in the group;
  3. allow teachers to offer a variety of activities and lessons that promote social, emotional, cognitive, language, and physical development;
  4. take into consideration the size and configuration of the space;
  5. take into consideration the qualifications and competencies of the caregiver;  and
  6. take into consideration the needs of the children in the group.


Generally, teacher-child ratios should not exceed COA’s Recommended Teacher-Child Ratios and Group Sizes for CYD-ECE Programs.