Close supervision ensures child safety and improves service quality.
Currently viewing: EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION (CYD-ECE)
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Each child is supervised to ensure:
Interpretation Protocols should provide direction on how to use relevant program or community resources to respond to individuals who are intoxicated by drugs or alcohol, mentally or physically unstable, or a safety risk.
The child care center maintains teacher-child ratios and group sizes that:
Interpretation Generally, the program should maintain teacher-child ratios that do not exceed COA’s Recommended Teacher-Child Ratios and Group Sizes for CYD-ECE programs. Additionally, group sizes should not exceed those listed in the chart. Teachers should assess and modify group size and/or ratios downward based on the special physical, social, or developmental needs of children within the group, the risks associated with a particular activity, and the qualifications and competencies of the teachers to ensure that children’s needs are being met. Conversely, ratios may be modified at nap time or during early and late arrival times when the needs for supervision are reduced. However, there must always be a qualified staff person available should the individual in the classroom need assistance.
Interpretation Average daily attendance is acceptable for group size and ratios in childcare centers, as long as the program has back-up help available when unusually large numbers of children are present.
Studies have shown that small group sizes and lower teacher-to-child ratios are associated with higher quality child care and improved social and cognitive outcomes for children. This may be due to the fact that lower ratios and group sizes allow for more frequent, nurturing, and playful interactions between teachers and children, which the research shows is critical to the achievement of positive outcomes.
Teacher-child ratios are maintained at all times both on- and off-site, including when a teacher:
Interpretation When teaching staff leave the room for five minutes or less, it is not required that a substitute be brought in to maintain ratios. However, if a teacher or assistant will be gone longer than five minutes, a substitute must be brought in to provide coverage and maintain ratios.
When mixing age groups, the program ensures:
NA The program does not offer mixed-age groupings.
Teaching staff maintain constant supervision of the children in their care by both sight and sound.
Indoor and outdoor facilities are arranged to ensure constant child supervision, including: