Standards for Canadian organizations

2020 Edition

Pregnancy Support Services (CA-PS) 8: Promoting Positive Life Course Development

Expectant parents are linked to formal and informal supports and services that can increase self-sufficiency and life options.
NA The organization provides only Pregnancy Options Counselling or Birth Options Counselling.
2020 Edition




Individuals who participate in Pregnancy Support Services learn about parenthood, make informed decisions about their pregnancies, stay healthy, and pursue their educational and vocational goals.
All elements or requirements outlined in the standard are evident in practice, as indicated by full implementation of the practices outlined in the Practice Standards.
Practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • Minor inconsistencies and not yet fully developed practices are noted; however, these do not significantly impact service quality; or
  • Procedures need strengthening; or
  • With few exceptions, procedures are understood by staff and are being used; or
  • For the most part, established timeframes are met; or
  • Proper documentation is the norm and any issues with individual staff members are being addressed through performance evaluations and training; or
  • Active client participation occurs to a considerable extent.
Practice requires significant improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards. Service quality or program functioning may be compromised; e.g.,
  • Procedures and/or case record documentation need significant strengthening; or
  • Procedures are not well-understood or used appropriately; or
  • Timeframes are often missed; or
  • Several client records are missing important information; or
  • Client participation is inconsistent. 
Implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all, as noted in the ratings for the Practice Standards; e.g.,
  • No written procedures, or procedures are clearly inadequate or not being used; or 
  • Documentation is routinely incomplete and/or missing.      
Self-Study EvidenceOn-Site EvidenceOn-Site Activities
  • Procedures for referring individuals to services
  • Community resource and referral list
  • Interviews may include:
    1. Program director
    2. Relevant personnel
    3. Persons served
  • Review case records

CA-PS 8.01

To promote life options and economic self-sufficiency, expectant parents are helped to locate and enroll in educational or vocational programs that are appropriate to their needs, interests, and abilities.

CA-PS 8.02

When current living arrangements are not suitable, expectant parents are helped to find new living arrangements for both during and after the pregnancy.
Examples: Appropriate arrangements can include living: 
  1. independently;
  2. with family members, including the extended family; 
  3. in foster homes;
  4. in group homes; or 
  5. in residential care.

CA-PS 8.03

Expectant parents are helped to access other community services needed to support positive life course development, including, as appropriate:
  1. child care;
  2. transportation services;
  3. financial assistance;
  4. legal services; and
  5. domestic violence, sexual abuse, or sexual assault services.

CA-PS 8.04

Expectant parents receive social and emotional support directly from personnel and are helped to develop and expand their informal support networks by:
  1. maintaining and strengthening their relationships with family members and the birth father, as appropriate; and
  2. building connections with friends, neighbours, community members, and community institutions.

CA-PS 8.05

After delivery, parents without an alternative are helped to place their children in temporary foster care if they need time to establish homes or consider other plans for their children and themselves.
NA The organization does not assist parents in placing their children in temporary foster care.