Family Foster Care and Kinship Care (CA-FKC) 7: Child Placement
Children are placed with resource families who can best meet their needs for safety, permanency, and well-being, and best support their ties to family and community.
When placements are made by the court or another provider, the organization should collaborate with the court or placing agency to advocate for appropriate placement and promote placement stability, as emphasized throughout this core concept. An organization that provides emergency placements must document efforts made to meet the standards given the emergency nature of the placement.
NA The organization has no role in facilitating child placement
Currently viewing: FAMILY FOSTER CARE AND KINSHIP CARE (CA-FKC)
Children in Family Foster Care and Kinship Care live in safe, stable, nurturing, and often temporary family settings that best provide the continuity of care to preserve relationships, promote well-being, and ensure permanency.
Resource family homes are licensed, approved, or certified according to provincial, territorial, or local regulation and contain no more than five total children in the home, including no more than:
two children under the age of two;
four children over the age of 13; and
two children in treatment foster care.
When children are placed with kin on an emergency basis, the local child welfare agency may allow eligible kin a period of time to work towards certification or licensing as a resource family home. However, criminal and child abuse background checks and preliminary safety assessments must be conducted prior to placement
When the local child welfare agency is not assuming custody of a child, the kinship caregiver’s home may be approved as a temporary placement option while the family works towards stabilization.
The total number of children includes all children under the age of 18 residing with the family, and includes any children residing with the family for overnight respite care. Exceptions to the maximum capacity may be made on a case-by-case basis to keep siblings together, to place children with relatives, to keep parenting youth together with their children, for other extenuating reasons that directly support plans for children to be connected to relationships that are safe, nurturing, and intended to be enduring, or when the home is licensed by the province or territory to care for more children and demonstrates through the family assessment and home study that the needs of every child can be met.
When resource family homes are routinely licensed, approved, or certified according to provincial, territorial, or local regulation to contain a total of six children in the home they may receive a rating of 2 when they can demonstrate they are meeting the needs of every child in the home. This can be demonstrated by a combination of factors, such as:
strong performance on safety, permanency, and well-being outcomes, for instance, low placement change rates;
strong performance in resource family satisfaction and retention;
manageable caseload sizes for workers;.
ensuring space sufficient to maintain a safe and homelike environment;
increasing the number and frequency of visits by the worker to the home;
offering additional respite or child care opportunities to resource families; and
maintaining a lower capacity in homes where foster children and other dependents have higher needs.
The resource family maximum capacity limits in this standard are not applicable for unlicensed kinship caregivers.
The organization identifies the best placement for each child using all available information regarding children’s and resource families’ strengths, needs, supports, and resources, including:
information obtained during initial and comprehensive assessments of children and families;
information obtained during assessments and annual reviews of resource parents;
information obtained during ongoing assessments and case reviews; and
the needs of any children already residing with the resource family.
Needs to consider include, but are not limited to, needs related to language, any risk of harm to self or others, and any history of human trafficking or running away.
In order to ensure children are in the most family-like and familiar setting possible, the organization makes reasonable efforts to ensure children are placed:
with kin; and
with families that reside within reasonable proximity to their family and home community.
Policy must require that preference be given to kin and deviations from these placement preferences must be documented in the case record with justifications and plans for ongoing contact with siblings or kin.
NA The organization provides Kinship Care Services only.
The organization promotes the stability of children’s living environments and prevents the need for placement changes through coordinated placement planning that:
ensures children, families, and resource families understand the steps involved in the process for a child joining a new family setting and receive support and information throughout;
provides all legally permissible information about children’s characteristics, behaviours, histories, and permanency goals to prospective resource families;
ensures that resource families make an informed decision to accept children into their care;
arranges opportunities for children and parents to meet prospective resource families when possible;
responds proactively to challenges that arise by assessing needs and arranging necessary services and supports; and
facilitates workers’ ability to spend more time with children, families, and/or resource parents after children first come into the home or when challenges arise.
The appropriateness of children's placements is reviewed regularly, and changes occur to support children's best interests and permanency goals, as needed.
Examples: Placement changes that support children’s best interests and permanency goals may include moving from a foster family to an adoptive family, moving from a foster family to a kinship family, or other changes that bring children closer to family or community.
Children, families, and resource families receive additional support during placement changes that includes:
sufficient advanced notice provided at least 14 days prior to a placement change, when possible;
formalized discussions of the reasons for a move or disruption, each party's feelings about the change, and as needed, interventions to address the reasons for the change;
identification of a resource family or other placement setting that can best promote safety, well-being, and permanency; and