WHO IS ACCREDITED?

Private Organization Accreditation

Family Services of Southeast Texas strengthens families through accessible, affordable counseling services and education for issues affecting family life, mental health and employment.  We also provide comprehensive domestic violence shelter and support services.
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VOLUNTEER TESTIMONIAL

Barry Gourley

Volunteer Roles: Endorser; Peer Reviewer

It is an honor to be a COA volunteer. I’ve had a great opportunity to work with fabulous COA volunteers, I’ve grown professionally in the COA accreditation process and I’ve met some wonderful people across this nation who are working hard to help and support children and families.
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Purpose

Early Childhood Education facilitates appropriate child development and ensures the health and safety of children in care.

PA-ECE 4: Health and Safety

The agency promotes and protects the health and safety of children and staff.

Note: Please see Facility Observation Checklist - Private, Public, Canadian for additional assistance with this standard.

Research Note: The research identifies health promotion as a key indicator of quality and a strong predictor of positive outcomes.

Table of Evidence

Self-Study Evidence On-Site Evidence On-Site Activities
    • Infant sleep procedures to reduce risk of SIDS
    • Bottle handling procedures
    • Cleaning and sanitation procedures
    • Diaper changing procedures
    • Hand washing procedures
    • Child abuse and neglect reporting procedures
    • Procedures for reporting, responding to and recording health problems and accidents
    • Health policy/procedures provided to parents
    • Sample menus for meals and snacks
    • Agreement with a health facility or qualified medical professional
    • Documentation of professional installation, maintenance, and annual inspection of playground equipment
    • Documentation of monthly playground maintenance inspections
    • Copies of manufactures instructions for all playground equipment
    • Smoking policy
    • Interview:
      1. Program director
      2. Relevant staff
    • Review teaching staff files for:
      1. Documentation of health screening
      2. CPR and First Aid certification
    • Review children's health records
    • Observe facility

  • FP
    PA-ECE 4.01

    A health record is maintained for each child that includes:

    1. verification of up-to-date, preventative screenings;
    2. evidence of up-to-date immunizations as required by applicable law or regulation;
    3. emergency contact information that is kept current and updated at least once a year;
    4. written parental authorization for emergency care; and
    5. information about and consent forms related to relevant health information and needs, including medication permission forms, if applicable, updated at least annually; and
    6. information about and consent/authorization forms related to special needs, if applicable, updated at least annually

    Interpretation: Emergency contact information includes the names of the family physician, clinic, or hospital to be used in emergencies.


  • FP
    PA-ECE 4.02

    All parents receive a written health policy and procedures that address:

    1. the process for determining whether or not the agency can handle a child’s specific health needs;
    2. attendance guidelines for sick children, including separation from other children; and
    3. procedures for notifying parents that their child may have been exposed to an infectious disease.

  • FP
    PA-ECE 4.03

    Child health problems and accidents, including changes in appearance or behavior, are promptly recorded and reported to parents and administration, and follow-up is conducted as needed.


  • FP
    PA-ECE 4.04

    Procedures for regularly cleaning and sanitizing the classroom limit the spread of infection and include:

    1. daily cleaning of the facility;
    2. disinfecting bedding, beds, cots, cribs, and mats at least once a week and between use by different children;
    3. disinfecting toys and other materials at least weekly and immediately after use if items are placed in the child’s mouth; and
    4.  the availability of properly labeled disinfectants, which are securely stored away from children at all times.

  • FP
    PA-ECE 4.05

    To limit the spread of infection, diaper changing areas:

    1. are separate from food preparation areas;
    2. have a posted copy of diaper changing procedures;
    3. utilize changing tables made of non-porous material; and
    4. include covered, plastic-lined, hands-free cans for the disposal of used diapers.

  • FP
    PA-ECE 4.06

    Diapering procedures meet nationally recognized guidelines for sanitary diapering practices, and include:

    1. that children are never to be left unattended on changing tables and that one hand must be on the child at all times;
    2. proper disposal of diapers and other contaminated items;
    3. proper use of gloves when they are offered to teaching staff;
    4. steps for gathering materials ahead of time;
    5. relevant hand-washing requirements; and
    6. steps for disinfecting the area after each use.

    Research Note: The 2nd Edition of Caring for Our Children, which is a joint partnership of the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Public Health Association, and the National Resource Center for Health and Safety in Child Care, offers detailed diaper changing procedures that agencies may find useful when developing their own diapering practices.


  • FP
    PA-ECE 4.07

    Hand washing areas are designed to promote safety and limit the spread of infection including:

    1. separating hand-washing sinks from food preparation sinks;
    2. installing shatter-proof mirrors;
    3. making hand washing sinks easily accessible to all children; and
    4. having liquid soap and sanitary methods for drying off hands available.

    Interpretation: Sanitary methods for drying off hands include disposable paper towels or electric dryers that turn on and off automatically.


  • FP
    PA-ECE 4.08

    Hand washing policies and procedures meet nationally recognized guidelines for hand washing and include:

    1. under what situations hands must be washed;
    2. requirements for water temperature, soap use, and time spent scrubbing and rinsing; and
    3. procedures for turning off water that reduce the risk of recontamination.

    Research Note: The 2nd Edition of Caring for Our Children, which is a joint partnership of the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Public Health Association, and the National Resource Center for Health and Safety in Child Care, has hand washing procedures that agencies may find useful when developing their own hand washing practices.


  • PA-ECE 4.09

    Teaching staff promote good health habits by:

    1. modeling and providing developmentally-appropriate instruction on health and hygiene practices;
    2. serving nutritious meals and snacks; and
    3. providing opportunities for active play.

    Interpretation: Active play for infants may include “tummy time,” allowing infants to develop the muscles of their back and neck.

    Interpretation: Examples of health and hygiene practices include, but are not limited to:

    1. washing hands before and after eating;
    2. washing hands after using the bathroom;
    3. covering the nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing; and
    4. regular tooth brushing.

    Research Note: Research has shown that healthy eating habits and active lifestyles are established in infancy.


  • FP
    PA-ECE 4.10

    Children are protected from injuries, accidents, and illnesses through practices that ensure teaching staff:

    1. follow universal precautions as well as diapering, hand washing, and sanitation procedures;
    2. notify parents in case of emergencies or when safety issues arise;
    3. are trained on emergency response procedures;
    4. train children in a developmentally and age-appropriate manner on how to respond in case of emergency;
    5. identify and report suspected child abuse and neglect to prescribed authorities;
    6. have access to a telephone, emergency transportation, emergency numbers and first aid supplies both on- and off-site;
    7. are informed about children in their care with special medical needs or allergies; and
    8. are healthy and capable of performing the essential functions of the job with reasonable accommodation.

    Interpretation: While an annual physical examination is preferred, teaching staff may receive a general health screening performed by a qualified medical practitioner, provided the screening addresses communicable diseases, including tuberculosis when required by relevant health authorities.


  • FP
    PA-ECE 4.11

    The agency ensures that staff are available to respond in a medical emergency by guaranteeing:

    1. each classroom has at least one person present with current pediatric First Aid certification;
    2. one person with current Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) certification is on site at all times the program is in operation; and
    3. individuals with First Aid and CPR certification are present on field trips away from the facility.

    Interpretation: First Aid and CPR certification must be kept up-to-date according to the guidelines established by the certification body.


  • PA-ECE 4.12

    A health facility or qualified medical professional is available to provide:

    1. medical consultation to the agency and parents;
    2. a review of children’s health needs; and
    3. a review of the agency’s health and safety practices.

    Interpretation: The intent of this standard is not to require that agencies pay for this service, but to ensure they have access to medical professionals as needed. Some agencies, particularly those that serve a higher risk population, might have medical professionals on staff; others will develop formal or informal relationships with medical professionals outside the agency to receive assistance when special health needs arise.

    Research Note: The literature identifies physical health as one predictor of future academic success. As such, agencies should consider each child’s physical health and well-being when making program decisions.


  • FP
    PA-ECE 4.13

    Bottles of breast milk and formula are:

    1. labeled with the child’s full name and the date that it was brought in;
    2. brought in daily and stored in a refrigerator upon arrival;
    3. discarded if the bottle is not finished in one feeding; and
    4. warmed in water and never in a microwave oven.

    Interpretation: Breast milk or formula should not stored overnight by the child care center. Bottles that are unused at the end of the day should be sent home with the parent.

    NA The agency does not provide infant care.


  • FP
    PA-ECE 4.14

    Teaching staff take necessary precautions to reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and other sleep-related infant deaths, including:

    1. placing infants on their backs for sleep unless otherwise instructed by the child’s doctor;
    2. placing infants on a firm sleep surface such as a safety-approved crib mattress with fitted sheet;
    3. removing soft materials or objects such as pillows, loose bedding, bumper pads, or toys from sleep areas;
    4. ensuring sleep spaces are free of strangulation hazards such as dangling cords, electric wires, and window-covering cords; and
    5. keeping the room at a comfortable temperature and dressing infants appropriately for the environment. 

    Update:

    • Revised Standard - 08/15/17
      Standard and Research Note were updated to reflect current guidelines.

    Research Note: The Back to Sleep Campaign® reduces the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and other sleep-related causes of infant death by educating caregivers on safe sleep practices, and is a good resource for organizations looking for more information on SIDS prevention. The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development directs and maintains the Safe to Sleep campaign® in collaboration with the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Consumer Product Safety Commission, First Candle, and the Maternal and Child Health Bureau. 

    NA The agency does not provide infant care.


  • FP
    PA-ECE 4.15

    A safe environment is maintained through proper selection and maintenance of play equipment, including:

    1. indoor and outdoor playground equipment that meets national safety standards;
    2. installing equipment on an appropriate amount of impact absorbing surfaces;
    3. conducting daily inspections of playground equipment and the surrounding area;
    4. monthly maintenance inspections of playground equipment according to manufacturer’s instructions; and
    5. annual inspections of the play equipment by a Certified Playground Safety Inspector.
    Interpretation: The amount of the impact absorbing surface will vary given the material used and the height of the playground equipment. Agencies should refer to industry standards and the manufacturer’s instructions for more detailed guidance on the proper depth of impact absorbing surfaces.

    Interpretation: The daily inspection of the playground should focus on the immediate identification of potentially hazardous conditions such as standing water, broken glass, or damage to the play equipment. Monthly maintenance inspections should check for worn or damaged wood, bolts, chains, anchors, etc. The agency should use a standardized checklist for monthly inspections and observations should be documented. While routine checks of playground equipment can be performed by trained staff, the inspection, and maintenance of playground equipment is highly technical and best performed annually by an industry professional.


  • FP
    PA-ECE 4.16

    Stairwells have railings and are closed off from child care classrooms.

    Update:

    • Added NA - 08/15/17

    NA None of the agency’s ECE facilities have stairwells. 


  • PA-ECE 4.17

    The facility provides an optimal care and learning environment that is:

    1. clean;
    2. welcoming;
    3. well lit, with natural light where possible and emergency lighting throughout;
    4. maintained at a safe, comfortable temperature, and noise level;
    5. odor free; and
    6. adequately ventilated.

  • FP
    PA-ECE 4.18

    Smoking is prohibited anywhere on the premises, including outside entrances, outdoor play areas and program vehicles.


  • FP
    PA-ECE 4.19

    Toys and other materials are child-proof, non-toxic, and maintained in good repair.

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