WHO IS ACCREDITED?

Private Organization Accreditation

Money Management International is a nationwide nonprofit organization that provides counseling and education related to credit, housing and bankruptcy, and offers debt management assistance if needed. MMI also conducts community education programs in the areas where we have a physical presence.
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VOLUNTEER TESTIMONIAL

Harry Hunter, MSW, MBA, Ph.D.

Volunteer Roles: Peer Reviewer; Team Leader

Peer Reviewer for the month of January 2013, Dr. Hunter has been volunteering for COA since 2005, conducting five site reviews.
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Purpose

Juvenile Justice Residential Services promote public safety by providing youth with a supportive, structured setting that helps them address their needs and develop the attitudes and skills needed to make responsible choices, avoid negative behaviors, and become productive, connected, and law-abiding citizens.

JJR 3: Service Philosophy, Modalities, and Interventions

The program’s service philosophy:

  1. sets forth a logical approach for how services and the service environment will meet the needs of youth while protecting the safety of other residents, personnel, and the public;
  2. guides the development and implementation of program activities and services based on the best available evidence of effectiveness; and
  3. outlines the service modalities and interventions that personnel may employ.

Interpretation: A program model or logic model can be a useful tool to help staff think systematically about how the program can make a measureable difference by drawing a clear connection between the service population’s needs, available resources, program activities and interventions, program outputs, and desired outcomes.

Rating Indicators
1
All elements or requirements outlined in the standard are evident in practice, as indicated by full implementation of the practices outlined in the Practice standards.
2
Practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice standards; e.g.,  
  • Minor inconsistencies and not yet fully developed practices are noted, however, these do not significantly impact service quality; or
  • Written service philosophy needs improvement or clarification; or
  • Procedures need strengthening; or
  • With few exceptions procedures are understood by staff and are being used; or
  • Proper documentation is the norm and any issues with individual staff members are being addressed through performance evaluations (HR 6.02) and training (TS 2.03); or
  • In a few rare instances required consent was not obtained; or
  • Monitoring procedures need minor clarification; or
  • With few exceptions the policy on prohibited interventions is understood by staff, or the written policy needs minor clarification.
3
Practice requires significant improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice standards. Service quality or program functioning may be compromised; e.g.,
  • The written service philosophy needs significant improvement; or
  • Procedures and/or case record documentation need significant strengthening; or
  • Procedures are not well-understood or used appropriately; or
  • Documentation is inconsistent or in in some instances is missing and no corrective action has not been initiated; or
  • Required consent is often not obtained; or
  • A few personnel who are employing non-traditional or unconventional interventions have not completed training, as required; or
  • There are gaps in monitoring of interventions, as required; or
  • Policy on prohibited interventions does not include at least one of the required elements; or
  • Service philosophy is not clearly related to expressed mission or programs of the organization; or
  • One of the Fundamental Practice Standards received a rating of 3 or 4.
4
Implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all, as noted in the ratings for the Practice standards; e.g.,
  • There is no written service philosophy; or
  • There are no written policy or procedures, or procedures are clearly inadequate or not being used; or
  • Documentation is routinely incomplete and/or missing; or  
  • Two or more Fundamental Practice Standards received a rating of 3 or 4.

Table of Evidence

Self-Study Evidence On-Site Evidence On-Site Activities
    • Include service philosophy in the Narrative
    • Policies for prohibited interventions
    • Procedures for use of non-traditional or unconventional practices
    • Table of contents of training curricula
    • Documentation of training
    • Interview:
      1. Program director
      2. Relevant personnel
      3. Youth served
    • Review case records

  • JJR 3.01

    The program is guided by a philosophy that provides a logical basis for the services, support, and supervision provided, based on goals and the best available evidence of effectiveness.

    Interpretation: As referenced in the Note to the JJR Purpose Statement, juvenile justice organizations seeking COA accreditation are expected to demonstrate a commitment to rehabilitation and reintegration.


  • FP
    JJR 3.02

    If the organization permits the use of service modalities and interventions it defines as non-traditional or unconventional, it:

    1. explains any benefits, risks, side effects, and alternatives to the youth or a legal guardian;
    2. ensures that personnel receive sufficient training, and/or certification when it is available; and
    3. monitors the use and effectiveness of such interventions.

    Interpretation: Examples of non-traditional and unconventional service modalities or interventions include, but are not limited to: hypnosis, acupuncture, and modalities or interventions that involve physical contact, such as massage therapy.

    NA The organization does not permit non-traditional or unconventional modalities or interventions.


  • FP
    JJR 3.03

    Organization policy prohibits:

    1. corporal punishment;
    2. the use of aversive stimuli;
    3. interventions that involve withholding nutrition or hydration, or that inflict physical or psychological pain;
    4. the use of demeaning, shaming, or degrading language or activities;
    5. unnecessarily punitive restrictions, including cancellation of visits, phone calls, or other forms of communication as a disciplinary action;
    6. forced physical exercise to eliminate behaviors;
    7. unwarranted use of invasive procedures or activities as a disciplinary action;
    8. punitive work assignments;
    9. punishment by peers; and
    10. group punishment or discipline for individual behavior.

  • FP
    JJR 3.04

    An intervention is discontinued immediately if it produces adverse side effects or is deemed unacceptable according to prevailing professional standards.

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