WHO IS ACCREDITED?

Private Organization Accreditation

Family Services of Southeast Texas strengthens families through accessible, affordable counseling services and education for issues affecting family life, mental health and employment.  We also provide comprehensive domestic violence shelter and support services.
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VOLUNTEER TESTIMONIAL

Barry Gourley

Volunteer Roles: Endorser; Peer Reviewer

It is an honor to be a COA volunteer. I’ve had a great opportunity to work with fabulous COA volunteers, I’ve grown professionally in the COA accreditation process and I’ve met some wonderful people across this nation who are working hard to help and support children and families.
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Purpose

Children in Family Foster Care and Kinship Care live in safe, stable, nurturing, and typically temporary family settings that best provide the continuity of care to preserve relationships, promote well-being, and ensure permanency.

CA-FKC 19: Resource Family Training and Preparation

Resource families receive training and preparation to strengthen their capacity to care for children and support children’s families.

Interpretation: Training and other preparation activities should be structured to offer prospective resource parents exposure to real-life examples of caring for children that come into care, such as children that have experienced trauma and maltreatment and/or may exhibit emotional/ behavioural challenges.

Rating Indicators
1
All elements or requirements outlined in the standard are evident in practice, as indicated by full implementation of the practices outlined in the Practice standards.
2
Practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice standards; e.g.,
  • Minor inconsistencies and not yet fully developed practices are noted, however, these do not significantly impact service quality; or
  • Procedures need strengthening; or
  • With few exceptions procedures are understood by staff and are being used; or
  • For the most part, established timeframes are met; or
  • Proper documentation is the norm and any issues with individual staff members are being addressed through performance evaluations (CA-HR 6.02) and training (CA-TS 2.03); or
  • Active client participation occurs to a considerable extent.
3
Practice requires significant improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice standards. Service quality or program functioning may be compromised; e.g.,
  • Procedures and/or case record documentation need significant strengthening; or
  • Procedures are not well-understood or used appropriately; or
  • Timeframes are often missed; or
  • A number of client records are missing important information  or
  • Client participation is inconsistent; or
  • One of the Fundamental Practice Standards received a rating of 3 or 4.
4
Implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all, as noted in the ratings for the Practice standards; e.g.,
  • No written procedures, or procedures are clearly inadequate or not being used; or
  • Documentation is routinely incomplete and/or missing; or  
  • Two or more Fundamental Practice Standards received a rating of 3 or 4.

Table of Evidence

Self-Study Evidence On-Site Evidence On-Site Activities
    • Policy or procedure for required training for resource parents (including specific requirements for foster parents, treatment foster parents, and kinship caregivers, as applicable) including specifications regarding pre- and in-service training requirements
    • Training curricula
    • Protocols for responding to emergencies
    • Training attendance records
    • Sample of emergency protocols from resource homes, if resource parents develop individualized plans
    • Materials provided to resource parents describing their rights and responsibilities
    • Interview:
      1. Program director
      2. Relevant personnel
      3. Resource parents
    • Review resource parent records

  • FP
    CA-FKC 19.01

    Resource parents receive pre-service training on rights and responsibilities that addresses:

    1. the organization’s mission, service philosophy or practice model, and service array;
    2. the rights of children in care;
    3. what resource families should expect when they take in a child;
    4. the competencies needed for effective resource parenting, and how those competencies are integral to the organization’s service philosophy or practice model;
    5. specific duties of resource parents; 
    6. identification and reporting of abuse and neglect; 
    7. any fees or reimbursement for services,  including compensation for damages caused by children placed in the home, as applicable; 
    8. notice of and participation in any review or hearing regarding the child; 
    9. procedures when allegations are made, and ways to prevent false allegations; 
    10. complaint procedures; and 
    11. circumstances that will result in revoking a resource family license or certification.

    Interpretation: Element (k) is not applicable training for unlicensed kinship caregivers.

    Research Note: Resource parents participating in a study of retention stated that the lack of reimbursement for some incurred expenses, including transportation, clothing, and recreational services, can impact resource parent turnover. Researchers recommend identifying and addressing concerns about the costs of providing resource family care during training.

    NA The organization provides Kinship Care Services only.


  • CA-FKC 19.02

    Resource parents receive the appropriate amount of pre-service and in-service training and support to demonstrate competency in:

    1. supporting and facilitating children’s emotional, physical, and legal permanency; 
    2. meeting children’s developmental needs across life domains, including addressing any developmental delays;
    3. caring for a child of a different race, ethnicity, culture, religion, sexual orientation, or gender identity;
    4. supporting children’s social identity development;
    5. supporting and facilitating family relationships, friendships, cultural ties, and community connections;
    6. collaborating with family team members and service providers; and 
    7. managing the caregiver role, self-care, and the impact on the family. 

    Interpretation: Resource families caring for parenting youth placed together with the youths’ children should also receive training and support to demonstrate competency in modeling positive parenting practices, supporting youth parents to meet their children’s needs, and meeting the dual developmental needs of the youth parents and their children. 

    Interpretation: Family Foster Care programs that work with kin and unrelated resource parents should make the effort to provide separate training for kinship caregivers in order to provide a space in which kinship caregivers can relate to each other and apply the training to their specific experiences of caring for their kin.
    If resources do not allow for separate training the training facilitator should work to incorporate the experience of both groups into the training. Training facilitators can follow up with kinship caregivers about their concerns and the training experience, to ensure that their particular concerns can be addressed in the training or at another time by the staff working with their family. Some of the specific training and support needs of kin may relate to negotiating family dynamics, the experience of family trauma, managing boundaries, and disciplining traditions.

    Kinship Care Programs that are not required to provide a comprehensive competency-based training program may offer support groups or skill-building sessions that help kinship caregivers develop the identified competencies rather than offering a comprehensive training program.


  • FP
    CA-FKC 19.03

    Resource parents receive pre-service training that addresses: 

    1. providing appropriate and responsive support and management for social, emotional, and behavioural issues and challenges, including those that may be age or development-related;
    2. promoting positive behaviour and healing through coaching, nurturing, and positive discipline;
    3. recognizing and responding to behaviours that jeopardize health and well-being;
    4. handling challenging behaviours, including de-escalation techniques; 
    5. signs and symptoms of trauma, including triggers/antecedents for challenging behaviours; and
    6. providing protection and promoting psychological safety to mediate the effects of trauma, maltreatment, separation, loss, and exploitation; and
    7. preventing and responding to missing children, including understanding factors that may contribute to the decision to run away, reporting protocols, and how to support children upon their return.

    Interpretation: Kinship caregivers may be helped to develop these competencies through ongoing training and support rather than pre-service training. 
     

    Interpretation: Given the prevalence of trauma among children in the child welfare system, it is crucial that resource parents are prepared to recognize and provide appropriate support when children have been impacted by trauma. Caregivers may be better able to support children who have experienced trauma if they have been trained to understand the concept of trauma; recognize that children’s social, emotional, and behavioural difficulties may be the result of trauma; and manage difficult behaviours and trauma reminders.  
     

    Interpretation: Educating resource parents on sex trafficking is an important component to prevention, identification, and treatment. Education should address how resource parents can support children through information on topics such as internet safety, how to respond when a child runs away, and developing healthy relationships. Additionally, education for resource parents of trafficking victims should emphasize the issue of stigma associated with prostitution to help the family provide a healthy, nonjudgmental home environment, supportive of a successful reintegration.


  • FP
    CA-FKC 19.04

    Resource parents are trained in: 

    1. protocols for responding to emergencies including accidents, serious illnesses, fires, and natural and human-caused disasters; and
    2. medical or rehabilitation interventions and operation of medical equipment required for a child’s care, as needed.


  • FP
    CA-FKC 19.05

    Resource parents are: 
    1. trained in basic first aid; 
    2. trained in medication administration; and
    3. certified in CPR.

    Interpretation: Retraining should be provided at least every two years. 

    NA The organization provides Kinship Care Services only.


  • FP
    CA-FKC 19.06

    Resource parents sign a statement indicating that for children placed in their care they agree to:
    1. identify and report abuse and neglect;
    2. employ positive discipline techniques; 
    3. refrain from using physical and degrading punishment; and
    4. ensure that others refrain from using physical and degrading punishment.

    Interpretation: In addition to providing training and support around positive discipline, organizations should help resource parents process their beliefs about discipline and proactively support their use of positive discipline techniques.

    NA The organization provides Kinship Care Services only.

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