Private Organization Accreditation

Money Management International is a nationwide nonprofit organization that provides counseling and education related to credit, housing and bankruptcy, and offers debt management assistance if needed. MMI also conducts community education programs in the areas where we have a physical presence.


Orange County Government, Youth & Family Services Division

Rodney J. Hrobar Sr., LMHC, CPP, Quality Assurance Manager

As the lead agency in Orange County, providing the safety net for children and families, it is reassuring that our clients can be confident that their needs will be addressed in accordance with the most stringent standards of public, as well as private, accountability as monitored and reviewed by the Council on Accreditation. 
read more>>


Adoption programs establish permanent family relationships for children in need of permanency, and increase the well-being, functioning, and stability of children, birth parents, adoptive families, and adopted individuals.

AS 9: Preparation and Support for Placement

The program provides information, counseling, training, and support to help prepare parties to the adoption for placement.

Interpretation: When the case involves an American Indian or Alaska Native child, resources offered by the tribe or a local Indian organization should be considered and prioritized.

NA The organization provides homestudy services only.

NA The organization provides post placement services only.

Rating Indicators
All elements or requirements outlined in the standard are evident in practice, as indicated by full implementation of the practices outlined in the Practice standards.
Practices are basically sound but there is room for improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice standards; e.g.,
  • Minor inconsistencies and not yet fully developed practices are noted, however, these do not significantly impact service quality; or
  • Procedures need strengthening; or
  • With few exceptions procedures are understood by staff and are being used; or
  • For the most part, established timeframes are met; or
  • Proper documentation is the norm and any issues with individual staff members are being addressed through performance evaluations (HR 6.02) and training (TS 2.03); or
  • Active client participation occurs to a considerable extent.
Practice requires significant improvement, as noted in the ratings for the Practice standards. Service quality or program functioning may be compromised; e.g.,
  • Procedures and/or case record documentation need significant strengthening; or
  • Procedures are not well-understood or used appropriately; or
  • Timeframes are often missed; or
  • A number of client records are missing important information  or
  • Client participation is inconsistent; or
  • One of the Fundamental Practice Standards received a rating of 3 or 4.
Implementation of the standard is minimal or there is no evidence of implementation at all, as noted in the ratings for the Practice standards; e.g.,
  • No written procedures, or procedures are clearly inadequate or not being used; or
  • Documentation is routinely incomplete and/or missing; or  
  • Two or more Fundamental Practice Standards received a rating of 3 or 4.

Table of Evidence

Self-Study Evidence On-Site Evidence On-Site Activities
    • A list of informational materials or other resources utilized to help prepare clients for adoption
    • Procedures for preparing for adoption which include procedures for the provision of information, counseling and support
    • Procedures for maintaining continued contact with relatives and openness in adoption
    • Informational materials provided to clients
    • Interviews may include:
      1. Program director
      2. Relevant personnel
      3. Clients
    • Review case records

  • AS 9.01

    The program provides or arranges for services and supports needed to help prepare birth parents for the child’s placement including: 

    1. planning for the immediate future and referral for needed services;
    2. assistance as needed in planning for details of the child’s birth, placement, and for the adoption process;
    3. counseling and support relating to grief, separation, loss, and the lifelong implications of placing a child for adoption;
    4. discussion of changing roles and relationships in the case of a relative adoption or when the birth parents will have an ongoing relationship or maintain contact with the child or adoptive parents;
    5. support for maintaining relationships with friends and family who can provide support; and
    6. information on post adoption services and the potential for search and reunion in the future.

    Interpretation: It can help birth parents to maintain supportive relationships by providing, with their permission, information, counseling, and/or support to family members or other individuals with whom they have a close relationship especially if those individuals may not be fully supportive of the adoption plan.

    In foster care cases where the birth parents’ rights have been involuntarily terminated, it may not be possible or appropriate to provide such services. The program may consult with the public agency or its designee to determine the appropriateness and needs for such services. Documentation of that consultation and implementation of the guidance provided is sufficient evidence of implementation for this standard.

  • AS 9.02

    The program provides or arranges for developmentally appropriate services needed to help the child prepare for adoption including:

    1. information to help the child understand the meaning, process, and lifelong impact of adoption;
    2. counseling to help the child understand and cope with feelings of fear, separation, and loss;
    3. opportunities to visit prospective adoptive parents and preparation and support for such visits;
    4. discussion of changing roles and relationships in the case of a relative adoption or when the birth parents will have an ongoing relationship or maintain contact with the child;
    5. preparation for moving to a new community or school;
    6. opportunities for peer support;
    7. information on post-placement services; and
    8. assisting the child to have involvement in the planning for placement.

    Interpretation: A life book is something that can be created by older children or for younger children to describe the child’s personal history.

  • AS 9.03

    When the parties to the adoption are considering an open adoption or maintaining connections between the child and the birth parents, relatives, siblings, or others with whom they have a connection, they are offered counseling, assistance and support to:

    1. develop and agree on plans for the exchange of information or continued contact; and
    2. plan for how to resolve conflicts that might arise in the future. 

    Interpretation: Most birth parents making a voluntary plan for adoption have an interest in some level of openness in the adoption. In cases where parental rights are involuntarily terminated there may be situations where ongoing connection with a sibling, birth parent, relative, or other individuals with a significant connection to the child can be beneficial for the child’s growth, development and stability of the placement. A Not Applicable option is not available for this standard. Documentation of the assessment of the appropriateness of openness or maintaining connections in the record will be sufficient evidence of implementation in cases where no openness and maintaining connections are not planned.

    Interpretation: Counseling helps the parties to consider whether continued contact is in the best interest of the child and others involved in both the immediate and long term future. Planning can include identification of individuals the child might continue contact, and the type and frequency of contact. The program should explain limitations on confidentiality and enforcement of agreements and document in the case record expressed preferences and concerns.

    Interpretation: The continuum of openness is extensive. Some examples of openness include, but are not limited to:

    1. the birth parent(s)’ provision of identifying information to the prospective adoptive parents about the birth parents at the time of placement,
    2. organization-mediated written communication,
    3. occasional contact with birth parents or other relatives, and/or
    4. frequent in-person contact with birth family members.

  • AS 9.04

    Adoptive parents receive assistance preparing for the child’s safe and healthy transtion into the home through services and suports including:

    1. planning for the details of the transition;
    2. information on the types of behavoirs and emotions children typically experence during the transition and typical length of time for the transition period;
    3. counseling on how to ease the transition given the information known about the child;
    4. assistance with preparation of other children or individuals living or frequently in the home;
    5. obtaining resources for the child’s special needs; and
    6. assistance in obtaining insurance or other benefits.

    Interpretation: Information can be provided through reading materials, contact information for service providers, group or individual counseling and training sessions, and online resources. 

  • AS 9.05

    The program promptly provides prospective adoptive parents with updated information about the child if and when such information becomes available.

    Interpretation: There can be situations where the program has reason to believe that new information received might not be complete or accurate. It may be appropriate in certain situations to briefly delay the disclosure of the information to prospective adoptive parents so that the information can be verified.

Copyright © 2019 Council on Accreditation. All Rights Reserved.  Privacy Policy and Terms of Use